We can start by performing simple pings with hping:
hping3 -1 example.com # -1, is the ICMP mode # so this is equivalent to a ping
We can also set another kind of ICMP request with the
-C option by doing:
hping -1 192.168.1.1 -C 13 # -1, is the ICMP mode # -C 13, sets the ICMP request to type 13
For example an interesting case can be:
hping -1 192.168.1.1 -C 17
An ICMP type 17 message is an Address Mask Request, that is a request that triggers a remote system to respond with a list of its related subnets, as well as its default gateway and broadcast address via an ICMP type 18 Address Mask Reply datagram.